Do signals point to higher credit card rates?
August 15, 2014
- Average consumer credit card rate, overall market: 17.12 percent
- Average consumer non-rewards credit card rate: 15.48 percent
- Average consumer rewards credit card rate: 17.83 percent
- Average student credit card rate: 17.56 percent
- Average business non-rewards credit card rate: 14.99 percent
- Average business rewards credit card rate: 15.42 percent
The U.S. bank prime rate did not change in early August, remaining at 3.25 percent.
Only one category of credit cards saw a rate change in the first half of August, and that one change was due to a card temporarily being pulled from the market rather than an actual increase in rates. However, while card rates generally held firm, the signals more and more seem to point to higher rates in the future.
The trends that may drive rates higher have been taking shape for months, but may have been neatly encapsulated by events at the end of July. The month ended with news that the economy rebounded impressively after a first quarter slump, and that the Federal Reserve is encouraged by what it sees in the economy. July also ended with a steep decline in the stock market that might hold a clue to what lies ahead for credit card rates.
In terms of that rebound, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) reported that the U.S. economy grew at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 4 percent during the second quarter. This would have been considered a healthy rate of growth in its own right, but it was especially impressive after the economy had contracted at a 2.1 percent rate in the first quarter. The return to growth sweeps away the concern that the economy might have slipped back into a recession.
The Federal Reserve echoed this positive trend in the notes to its latest Federal Open Market Committee meeting. In particular, the Fed noted that employment and inflation indicators were signalling healthier growth, allowing the Fed to continue to taper back on its stimulative bond-buying program.
This may all sound like good news, but the very next day after the BEA and Fed announcements, the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by over 300 points. What spooked the market? A prime suspect seems to have been fear of higher interest rates. These could result from any combination of stronger demand for credit, tighter Fed policy, or higher inflation - all of which would be byproducts of a faster-growing economy.
Credit card customers should take note of the stock market's concerns. To some extent, improving credit conditions could offset some of the higher-rate influence of the first two factors, but if inflation takes a more prominent role in the economy, expect to see credit card rates move higher in the latter part of 2014.
Consumer credit card rates
Both non-rewards and rewards credit cards were unchanged in early August. Credit card customers who are concerned about rates rising going forward should pay particular attention to keeping their credit ratings strong, because customers with good credit are most likely to continue to be able to take advantage of lower rates.
Student credit card rates
The average rate for student credit cards remained unchanged in early August, at 17.56 percent.
Business credit card rates
For the first time since early May, there was a change in business credit card rates, with the average rate for rewards credit cards rising by 11 basis points to 15.42 percent. Significantly, this was the result of one of the credit card offers tracked by this survey temporarily being pulled from the market rather than an actual increase in any rate offer, but any reduction of availability is a potentially negative signal for consumers.
Excellent credit vs. average credit
The spread between rates offered to consumers with excellent credit and the overall average consumer rate remained unchanged, at 4.01 percent.
In total, IndexCreditCards.com surveys information from nearly 50 different credit cards, and includes multiple credit-rating tiers from many of those cards. Examples of offers surveyed include American Express, Capital One, Chase, Citi, Discover, and other MasterCard and Visa branded cards. The information compiled not only demonstrates trends in credit card rates over time, but also indicates the different values credit card companies put on different target markets (consumer, business, etc.), as evidenced by the differences between rates for those markets.